d}Qv yX ~p~p dKpp: g2

d}Qv yX ~p~p dKpp %dx{ o ֶd d}Qv %ypuַ ~Zdg[ D %dx{ ~Zg ~yZ{. E{곪{ gZ곩gX{ {p{ ưyZp {Mp. A g ~Zds yX{ o p{[ g sD{ } g %p |}gpyK. Eg}Q a{v gZrDd곪vp }Wg gZd" g ⰰ} ĩgg dgyK{ U{ p {Mp. ED I~dp{p }W Z zd.

m g[ ayK g rD T. v ~. g. dsD, v gpp p]ư %Xgp, v {mg, Ap drp, v p. Z. ⰰg, v ֪}z {ΰ, v U. U. p~R, s. . d g |pk}Q %pg yX |}, {d dy ~rD ~k E[[ dvgⰻK{. , sds~Rg ]gy.

Ap. . \ }gpu,
d ~{d

m g dxJ[[ yX g$mp

v ~. g. dsD (m}}: 2 m 1880)

a{}p E~RyK g { m{ ~. g. dsD A dַd" {vG e} d}Qv {]p. |pv{[ sD %[ Ap⪫d d_x ~v{ ⰰ{ ⰰΰ dbp dʾ{ .U. ~{, %}yp d}} ~{ ~v{p. g֪}[ ѩ ⽻K Ap⪫{p.halakatti

1926p[ ``}'' ~Zd p y{p. E[gg md ʩ}{ dv g} , Kd %⽬P}Q gx{p. ``u}}x }}Q}Q d+{p yΰ[, }}Q m}d" u}y~R {p{p d'' U |곩pΰ{ g}Qv yX, k} yX 곩dd" uꩾ} }Q drDp.

ygg gZ, K~Zg gZg[ Ƶ d y곩{ dsD pgg, }X~{}, k}g}Q ~ZyX{ {{ⷳ[ ⰰ{Zxgⷰ %~p , P XvyKp. `~Z{p pk}g', `k}p', `{Pp갩]p k}g' ⰰy{gg p{ ~ZK}ΰ{ %p ~{} d{ g$py {{. g %p ~֪yX{ ~Zdrg곪v d⽻g fX 70 {ryK{.

dsD %p y곩g}Q gZ{d" {ⷰ d kydpp gpⰻ{M{ d 50 k}dpp}Q yZ. A{p %p gZ{ y곩g{ 250d" k+ k}dpp g {p. E{{ %p ~{} y] %zgyK{.

k}p ~r 1(1923), ~r 2(1931), ~r 3(1939), ~px kyZg (ⰳp gg[) g pp kyZ, } Pd곩 EyX d⽻ ~{}, pk}g ~. g. dsD %{ ⰳ. 1926p[ \ⰶ[ }v{ %ط py d}Qv yX W}{ %|Xd_p A"{ dsD, 1928p[ |pv{[ d}rd Oѩdpx ~K} %|Xd_pgyKp.

1956p[ d}rd Ƶ]{XⰬ{ gp . ~{ΰ{ ~p"yp{p.
1964p m} 29p{ ~. g. dsD |}p{p.

gpp pgoruru]ư %Xgp: (m}}4 m 1904)

A|ⰾd d}Qv yX{ y} ~Zⰰ dp[ gpp p]ư %Xgp %p aTp. A sD}[ ~Zz Z dp .

~Zzưd y{ d_x}Q yW \[ }v ~Zw d_x}Q }{[  ⰰ{{p. A {d" yWg֪p ]yyZ X kΰ{ Adyp d_xd" { {p. %}yp g֪p AZ , gmpֻ} {Xĩt{ {X{p. d {p} `곩dưyZ' U d}Qv ~Zd I~ ~{dp, A|Z ~Zd yK p ~Zdg d}Qv kp dp ]Rdַ d {p. }yp dg gpdֵZ}Q {p. m}곩{Pp %{p ⰰX dyK. %{}Q gpp Z{Pΰ{ {p. A갩 g} %ط py kpd h{ f֬ { kַdp{p. %[갩 %p yX {ΰy.

1933p[ gppp yW gZd" p, p gZ h L, f֬ ~Zkp, m}곩{Pp, "p d_x, gZ dgdg ⰰy{ pk}yWd krsdg[ yv{p. 1942p[ `k u' kⰶ[ g p %}{p.

]yyZ X { }yp }[ ~Zu pdp L~}g }v{ kⰷ[ goruru gourav granthag{p. %{ Ly{ 갩 p 12 dַ pmX{ |} ~K} {Xp{Mp. o %ⰶ[ d}rd Oѩdpxd" {{p.

~Z| pk}, xJdyg, d{⪱, ~Z yX{[ gppp d⽸ {Mp. \ yZg, gpvg⪱{ {X, }W N} pdp, rD{ }ⰶ[ yK Eyp ~Z|g, Kp d, p{[ yK Eyp ~Z|gⰥ d⽻g[ ~Z|, dyg . (d}Xd Eyp dzg, Iⰱ, pֻZ dz d}g)

, ~}m}W, pg, yK N %p d{⪱g. `', `N' k}yZ ~ZK}Q g.goruru family
`%갩d{[ gpp' gppp ~Z dz}. gppp pg[ ⰳy Exd X~ZuC o ~Z dzⰷ[ dxyK{. o d⽻ ~ ~+g}Q, }gp gZg}Q, y y}Q dꩻyK{.

pDd d~ %p gppp p{ g$ g ~ZZΰ{Mp. ``...kb d}b, Ap g곩G Wy, U. . g}p ⰰy{ E[ dp pg}Q e %[} |  X}Q k~R{M }g d}Qv{[ %z X{ %pd {vG dpg}Q Ir yK. A %pd}Q 곩g{ d dp[ Z gpp +ⰳ %gZL}{[{Mp.''

(gpp dr{ {Xp yZ)

1940p[ {Z Ƶ]{X{ {]} ~d_ⰶ[ ygv, 1969p[ pmX yX %dvư ~ZK ~p"p ~vⰰyKp. 1974p[ p Ƶ]{X{ . ~{, 1980p[ `%d{[ gpp' d⽻g dꩪ{Z yX %dvư ~ZK y. gppp 1982p[ pⰶ[ }v{ %ط py yX W}{ %|Xd_p A{Mp.

~ {. mpgv (m}}6 m 1918)javaregowda

gp gZ֪yp [ k}Q~rDx yַ[d kd"pⰶ[ 1918, m 6 p{ sD{ {gv mpgv({mg) % vy}{ dr{ {p. ~Zzưd g ~Zw d_x}Q kd"p, k}Q~rDx, g}[ ~v{ mpgvp }[ ⰰ} {XX {p. 1941p[ .U. (A}), 1943p[ U. U. ~{ ~v{p. A {{[ pd d~ %p ZƵ] gyKp. d}Qvd" d_ yrD d~ {y ``d}Qvd" d UyK }Q d dRd_gyK{, d}Qvd" dpyK %[ ~֪km}X gyK{'' U gpֹ}Q Ip}Q d곪vp.

1946p[ g} rZ d}[ }d {p{p, %{ p Ƶ]{X{ %|X~dp d곪vp. yp | {Mg}Q %d 1960p[ g${ XZ d} ~Z~ַp{p.

p Ƶ]{X{ ~ZFy d}Qv %|X} L L~}g dpxp{p[ {mg ~Zⰰp. 1966p[ A L ~Zz {˩dp A{p. o {{[ d}Qv gd" u}~{ %|X}d" Ƶ g yp{p. u}~{ K gZַ pָ fX gy.

g {Mg ⰳd yy 갩{ {mg }⪱p 1} 1960p{ p Ƶ]{X{ dⰷ~g }dg곪vp. d}Qv{ %⽬P, d_xpg{ ~Zg Ep dַ{[ IyK g\yK{.

{mg yX곩dd"  [{Mp. Wg }}[, mgK} }K 갩, 곩pr{ {d, }}} K, dⰷ~g }k, dⰷ~ ~yZg, u}~{ Щy֪m, u}~{ , pd d~, d~ %p d} }g, k}g[ kdy, gp d~gv ⰰy{ d⽻ p{Mp. 곩 D %p war and peace d⽻}Q ⰰ{P yK ֪ U{, %}Qdp} d⽻}Q IyK d}Qvd" %}֬{Mp.

1984p[ yX %dvư ~ZK, 1985p[ puXyb ~ZK, 1987p[ 곩y Xv ~ZK {. 1997p[ p Ƶ]{X gp vdDp ~p"{. 1970p[ g}[ }v{ %ط py yX W}{ %|Xd_p A"{p.

1998p[ d}rd pdp{ ~ZFy ~~ ~ZK y.

{mg %p d}Qv yX g gpg ~Z~K{p, d}Qv Ƶ]{X 1999p[ ``}v곩m ~ZK'' gp{. {mg og }[ ƵZy ʩ} }vⰻK{Mp.

Ap drpp: (m}}12 m 1880aluru venkatray)

aluru venkatrao~. g. dsD sD{ , g[ Ap drpp m}W } pyK{. a{ y} ~p E~RyKp y{[ %p }}~ yX{[ p{. d}rdy]}Q yW ʩ} ⰪyZ}Qd곪v Ep d}Qv gp. Ep 곩pr a{ p곩֪kd %}. u~p{[ sD{ drpp, y{ pd }dⰶ[{M{{ Ep yW d_x}Q }gⰪ{, g{g, }g, |pvg[ }vyKp. ~Zwⰶ[{Mg `꩹ p' U y }rd}Q pg{ 갩 y⪬{Mp. 1897p[ sZd ~ { }yp y{ gZ{[{M %~p gZz vp{ %} ~v{p. ~ gX} d}[ d}} ~{ ~v{, p~Z{ ƩpFg ~xyrDp. ѩ ⽻Kⰶ[{M yXg }b rDp. g ~Zd Xd" d {p. 1907p[ ``gVx'' ~Zd ~{dp{p. 1922p[ ``m d}rd'' ~Zd L{p.

d}rdy]{ g$ }yWd %z~x App {{Mp. ``d}rdy]{p d {ꩵ֫}[, d E}[, E[g}Q ư{, E[g}Q ag곪v ~{P }.''

``d}rdy]ꪱ{ }}Q D kp. A P dv }}Q rdⰶ[ sD{M, %{곪{ P{[ pmdpx, |, jW, E, d ⰰy{ yK g ~vgyK. %{p[ p{ Ʒ[. }}Q ʩ}{ yK krsdg %{⽵X{ Ig o d}rd{ dR}ⰶ[{.'

' ``pָy]d" p{P{ d}rdy] d}rdy] %[. d}rdy]d" p{P{ pָy] pָy] %[.'' g yW{ F, }X Wy yg ⰳd ppmX ~Z}Q Ap drpp XdK ~{Mp.

1930p[ d}rd{ ƩppyQg, 1950p[ d}rdy]{ yZg g 1957p[ ``d}rd{ d'' U gZzg ⰳd d}rd{ ~Z}Q yKD gsDg{p. 1922p }ꪱp}[ Ap{ ``m d}rd'' d}rd{ ֪⯻d g pmѩ d_yZ{[ D }Q ~v{.

1930p[ }[ mp{ 16} d}Qv yX W}{ %|Xd_p{M Ap drpp }vⰥ}g ~ gⰷ, d}Qv }Q ZⰪyⷰ dp {p.

]yyZ X gZ, }}Q ʩ} WgⰥ~ ypg, IyKp ypg Ep Eyp d⽻g.

v p. Z. ⰰg: (m}} 15 m 1906) muguli

p. Z. ⰰg %p p dyK ``d}Qv yX kyZ'' {] g %{p dpp{ gⰻgⰻK{. d}Qv {]p[ Eg ~Zⰰ L}. ֵ{}Q dZⰱ{P %|X}d" a~{ p. Z. ⰰg |pv [ A}[ sD{p. Ep ~x p pg}z Z ⰰg. d}Qv yX{[ `pdpg' U{ ~yp.

y{ ѩ⽻Kⰶ[{M{{ ~Zzưd d_x}Q gd곩, u~p{[ }v{p. 1920p[ g֪p %dp kg ~Zyp{ ⰰg, 1924p[ sZd ~d_ⰶ[ ygv 곪{p. {. p. ꩪ{Z %p dX, ֻ} g a{ ⰰg gp g{ {Xp A{p. ꩪ{Z}Q `dXgp' U{ ]d{p.

1930p[ Qyd곩yKp (d}Qv) ~d_}Q ~y곩d{곪g ⰰ{p. 1933p[ p{ ֪g ƶ[gG} d}[ d}Qv %|X~dp d곪vp. ⰰ{ %{ d} ~Z~ַp A{ p. Z. ⰰg 1966p[ yKp{p. yW {} y]{ hrDg}Q ppmX{[ d{ %[ IyK yXd d⽻g}Q p{p. ``d}Qv yX kyZ '' p~g곪{{ %[갩. o d⽻g ~ Ƶ]{X . ~{ gpy. E{ ~ Ƶ]{X{ ~Zz .. o ѩ ⰰg %g ⪬{M d}Qgg W. yX kyZ pk}ⰶ[ ⰰgp %}p g D{{. p d" 갩RrD { p d}Qv yX kyZ}Q pⰰ d %D} ⰷ{{[. %p yX kyZ dַ m} dZ A|ⰾd {⽸Dΰ{ d{. A{{{ yK y ~ZXg dZ}Q rD, d}Qv yX{{ dַ{ ~Lg}Q h ĩdⰶ[ k, ~~ ~ⰰg, ~~ⰰg yK ⰰgg{ ⰳp L gg[ p{Mp.

196770p pg ⰰg %p gp Ƶ]{X{ d}Qv gd" XgyK{. ⰰ{ 1970{ 1973p pg ⰰ. . . ~Z|X~dp{p. 1956p[ ``d}Qv yX kyZ'' d⽻g dꩪ{Z yX %dvư ~ZK g ~Z~KgyK{. 1963p[ yd} {Pgg{[ }v{ d}Qv yX W}{ %|Xd_p{Mp. d{⪱, xJdy, ʩ}kyZ, yXkyZ ⰰy{ ~Zdpg[ ⰰg d⽸ {Mp. , dpx~p, %}Q, %Qx d{⪱g. `d}} d' dz gZ. g, yX pyp, }}dX. %pƪ{p `ƻZ' dX %}{{M, Od֪d gZ ~Zds{Mp. E[}[ The Heritage of Karnataka, History of Kannada Literature d⽻ p{Mp.

v ֪}z {ΰ (m 22)

shanthinath desaiA|ⰾd d}Qv yX{ ~Zⰰ pgpp[ v }z {ΰ ~Zⰰp. }X yX{ ~Zⰰ pgpp{ {ΰ %p g{X ~Zdp{[ d⽸ {p. }X yX{p dX{[} ~ֵ+yX kpg %}dp U sdΰ{MgX {ΰ A" d곪v{M g{X ~Zdp. dy, d{⪱, ⰵg ⰳd IyK d⽻g}Q }g {Mp. dc~p Ƶ]{X{[ E[srustivikshep g{[ ⰰXLp, ~Zp A [{ ֪}z {ΰ %p yW ʩy{ g ppmX{[ d{p.
ⰰK, d_~, ⽸D, m ⰰy{ d{⪱ ~Zdp{[ {ΰ %p l~ D g곩kpgyK{. ⰪmgvG, _m, {v, pd_ yK ~y} dz d}g. Eg uy }X yX{ }Qⰶ[ p{ ⰵ pg gZ ~Zdr{.

XZ d~ Ƶ]{X{ dⰷ~gⰳ ֪}z {ΰ [{Mp.

vbairappa U. U. p~R: (m}}26 m 1934)

A|ⰾd d}Qv yX{[ d{⪱bairappa ~Zdp ⰷ { % k+ e{gp}Q yⷰ{. aDp E~RyK} y} d{⪱ⰰg %Q{. o ~p~pⰶ[ m} } ⰰsD{ g p{ {d pd곪v{Mp. E{[{ {g곪{ ⽻Kΰ{M | e{g }v d}Qv yXd" , K, }X{ y drDp E{Mp. pg ~Z⽻Kd곪v, %dvưd A{M, k+ e{gp}Q yⷰ{ `m}Z' d{⪱dpp{p v U. U. p~R %p.

y A" d곪v K, %{}Q }v , %{d"{ %yX dv d} }곩L g$ kkg[ }Q %~Zg E. Ez {{ⷳ[ p~R}p d{⪱g e{gp kkⰶ[pyK. |Xg[ ⰵ ⰳd }Q~Zg Agg$ y{곩{p %{ a{ { kk갪{ %~Zΰp E{Mp.

} [ k}Qp~rDx{ yp{[ 1934 m 26p{ sD{ p~R}p ~Zzưd d_x}Q rD}[ ~v{p. d" g{Mg yΰ}Q d{d곪v {XX dD~rD {p. g֪p Xgg drD ]yyZ X kg yvd곪vg %g d 13 !

~Zw d_x g dm e{ }[ ⰰ{p{ p~R}p U. U. }[ x~{d {곪g ygv{p. p곩v{ pm Xp Ƶ]{XⰪ{ ``yX yK {'' U E[}[ p{ ~Z|d" vdDp ~{ g{p. ⰱT\, gmpֻ} p{p ~ Ƶ]{X, {g[ yW I~}Xd ⽻K dg곪v p~R}p, K} e} }v y]{ d{⪱g}Q p{Mp. 1961p[ `|Z' d{⪱ ~Zds E{pg }ַ" {dg[ 20 d{⪱g}Q p{Mp. A dַ{[ { %p d{⪱g[ kkgg. m}}X g e{gp p~R}p d{⪱g m{ %־g. E[ ⰳ {y p⻩ gg p~R}p d{⪱g %}{. gg, ⪵d_, }, _, }ΰ}p, yTⰰ }{ g}, {r, |Z, ~ ⰰy{ , pⰶ[ m}Z.

⪵d_, yTⰰ }{ g} d{⪱g k}yZ ~ZKg. ⪵d_d" 1966p[ pmX yX %dvư ~ZK, 1975p[ {r d{⪱g pmX g dꩪ{Z yXparva %dvư ~ZK {p{. `~' p~R}p p{ d{⪱g[ kkg ag{{M. py dַ{ p⻩ m{ g}Q, A dַ{ ʩ} Xg}Q, ⰽyX} pXyWdy}Q d{⪱ⰶ[ %z~x g{. dy yK g }ⰶ[ {Z~, dⰪ, ֬Z, g֪| ~yZg}Q ⰳ{Mp.

d{⪱g[{ yX ư֪g ⪱{ `yX yK ~Z⻩d', `dz yK dzK', `}}d pⰰyK}' U m}yp d⽻g}Q p~R p{Mp. ~ZKy } d~ }gp{[ {Mp. 1999p[ d}d~p[ }v{ yX W}{ %|Xd_p p~R A" A{Mp.

s. . d: (m}}29, m 1884)

kailasam`d}Qvd"T} d' U{ A|ⰾd d }rdg dy s. . d %p}Q dpgyK{. ~pֹdYd }rdg m}p[ p{M }g[ d X곪{}Q K }rd p{ d ⰰg{yK dxJ yp{p. `\gsD' Ez K} }rd.

d y{ } p L}{ d곩}[ }Xֺp{Mp. Ep {XX p, gp, }g[ΰy. dm d_x ~v{{M }[. v}} p d}[ I}Qy ~{ ~v{p. d Eg[}[{Mg A|ⰾd }rdg %ⰳXgZ ~k d곪vp. }yX Ⱚpg, d drgyK yW AK d곪vp. Ep `~Rp\', `d곩dpg', `}곩Z } }ʩ}'g[ ~ֵ+yX Щy{ g YX ⰰyK{.

E[ ~{g d zk vyK d⪥E[ ~{ ~Z곩g⬪{ }rdg pk}ⰶ[ D { drD d, m} D Jgy }d" } d P{Mp. ``I was born with a silver spoon in my mouthI, it hurt me terribly g yK ڲD'' U{ ggp.

Ep } p white house U{ ``I am the only dark spot in the white house '' U{ }gvp. ``dy[ dQ..... [ }r"'' U}QyK d pֻZ U[ y g$ ˩{{ }yp.... ``}곩v g tomorrow morning TvK, ⰷd곩 곩g''...... Ez UD X E[ҥd}Qv 곪{ֹd}Q yⰥ}rdg[ dsD{Mp. d ]y p{kp }rdg[ ~yZ {Mp. Akp d곪v 갩 d~ m}X d곪{Mp.

d sD{M ZⰪy dr. g +} {XXd" Eg[g 곩gⷰ |X{{M. a{v [{ %{p. }d E{Mp %{d" px v{p. E{ a{p, } yK{p, yg L %D. %vZ }~yK g {{ d, E~Ry{ d}Qv }rd, Ap E[ }rdg}Q ~Zds{Mp. ~Zds{Mp %}Q{p {ⷰ ~Zdrg곪 %}Q{ ay. Od{p UD }rdg %p |} }yp d d. 1945p[ {p}[ }v{ 29} d}Qv yX W}{ %|Xd_y}Q d {Mp.

v . Ap. pG %p d %p}Q ``a{ % ZF mZ'' U{ J{Mp. d }W {곩yK, ~pxg[p {Py, yy]g}Q ~ d곪vkailasam kruthigalu p⻩ ~p~p %ypz}Q %yXy pX %XdKg{Mp.

p Ƶ]{X d %p y}곩yb}Q 1984p[ %z~x Ak{. %p U[ d⽻g gZ ~Zdr.

d}Qv pgưⰶ[ . Ap. ``sd s. . d'' U Od XK }rd}Q pg{ 갩 g %}ΰyK d Wp}Q %z~x {Mp. 곩p⳷, v]][{ vΰ, yK} y~, {X} X, %WZ gv, ~sD, \gsD }ַ" }rdg pg %] }rdg. 1946, }⪱p 23p } u d |}p{p.

|pk}Q: (m}}: 31 m 1903)

madurachenna|pk}Qp m{M 1903 m 31p{. }p Np{ p곩. A{p yW {d}Q d{{M [.

d}Qv }{ y]ⰰy dX}Q A|ⰾd d}Qv yX{[ d곪v %z~x d |pk}Q. }{{ {{[ ~ֵ+yX dX %[[ EMyK{p, d}Qv ~p~p}Q dsDdvⷰ ddx{Pp{ |pk}Q u}~{ gg p \ v dy p{p. yW }{p 곩}{[ dX d⽸g yv{ |pk}Qp k~, rD, Z~, ֪gyXg dv +} g} {p.

1922p dַ}{[ ` dy ʩ' U{d곪v |pk}Q, l{곩{P dyΰ{ pyK{ Щyg}Q p{p. %g[ }y }{, {Z ⰰy{. pƩ{Z}z tdp, %pƪ{p dX{ⷳ ~Zyp dX p{ |pk}Q, }{{ d_xg}Q dX{[ 갩{p.1923p[ u~p{[ }v{ ayK} d}Qv yX W}{[ ``\ vg'' dy ~Z| Ⱚ{p. u}~{{ g$ %{M a}Q y곩{M{ dX{[ o % ưyΰy.

}}Q{[, |pЩy ~Zⰰ d} d}g. ~pg, dpֻZ, g yK AyW ⪵곩|} U g{X gZzg}Q %p p{p.

}Qpv yⰪ[ d}Q" }}{
}}Q }[} dyg pg곪v
E}Q} } E~RyKp
o곪{ }dp gyKg곪v

U{ `}}Q}[' {[ |pk}Qp yW AyWdy}Q d곪{Mp. ĪgxJ, d~ p~R, . | %p[ |pk}Qp Qyp. yXd kkg ꩬd d곪v ` gp' U{ p{Mp. |pv{ gp gⰪ}y |pk}Qp gp yX |dp{Mp. 1952 AgD 15p{ d곪v |pk}Q {{M 50 yZ.

Ap.. \ }gpu, 37/2U, }gp pK, m}gp, gpⰥ560040. {pֹ 91803404244.


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