d}Qv yX ~p~p dKpp: g3

AgD g[ d}Qv yX{ g$mp[ ~Zⰰp sD{ }֪d, %p yX |} p~k dvgyK{. o } Upv g[ drD pg g$ yX֪⯻d {[ +g yg . E갩 ⰳd, ~yZ{ ⰳd, ⰰy sⰶ[, {pֹⰶ[ {Mp. E}Q d g rD 곩p g$ⰳ {Mp.

%z rD 곩{p p gZⰻK{M. |X{D {g o %dx{[ p dvg{. AgD g[ Yp ~Zⰰ yX ydp rDT. ⰵy yK, dvg곩v[ dprD, ~Z .d. g곩dd, ư %Jp, U. Ap. ީ ⰳ %pg {Mp. W { g ]gy.

Ap. . \ }gpu,
d ~{d

AgD g dxJ[[ yX g$mp

ⰵy yK (m}}: 3 AgD 1928) yashwanth chittal

{M, I}Qy {Mⰶ[{M yX d⽸}Q X d곪v, d}Qv yXd" ZⰪd 곬d 곬{p ⰵy yKp. }ַ" {dgg k+ dַ yX d⽸ }vp yKp yW d⽻g[ ⰰ {d}Q, }X} {d {} ֪Zdy}Q, Ayd ayKv, yⰰg}Q %z~x Z{Mp. {p{ y ֪ⰶ[{Mp, }\Ⱚy gZ{ ~p⬪{ ⰳ{ ~yZ, K}Q yW dy, d{⪱g[ y{ ~kΰ{Mp.

chittalara kathegalu1928p AgD 3 p{ IyKp d}Qv [ g곩dx }\ⰶ[ sD{ yKp } y d곪d. }\, d, |pv, ⰰg[ {XX { yKp yX{ 갩 %p 곩{p d gg|p yK, g dΰ", ֪}z {ΰ %p yX ~Z {rD{갪{ ⰵdp gⰻ{Mp.

Ap{[ yZdⰶ[ AK y곩{p, ⰰ{ U. U}. p %p kpd" ~Zyp{p. g db, Ud Z, ~ZG ⰰy{p kpd" ~Zyp{p. ⰰ {} ֪Zdyⰶ[ ⰳyK gpg f L곪{p[ I{Xg{[{M %[ %}{ {pyg g d"rDg %p pg ]p~}Q |.

yW rDp }\ %p dz ~Zⰰ ~yZ hr}g dꩪ{Z{.aata g yKp ``IyKp d}Qv [, %{pⷳ[ }}Q rDp{ }\ E }}Q sDg }{ pg[. { yX{ sDg dpx, %{p ky}Xd" pyp{ ʩ y ⰳy{ ~ZpdKg A갪{ }} }⪱yK}.... Eg[ }}Q yX d⽻g[ ~yZg ʩy Iprd" AXd { d ~p{ %g yZ[ %{ y} dxJ vⰻK{M, u@ EvⰻK{M, y UK [ dⰶ[{M U ʩd" ``, gsDg, %p'' U{ ~ZybyK ʩy gg A갪{ }} {M}'' U{ d곪{Mp.

g ⰵd v Uk. U.phꩪ{Zp %p ``yKp }\ y}Q y}{곪g 곩{p ⰳd %{}Q Eک }dⰷ{[ %Ky]{ d"sDg ~Z ~yKp. A{M{ `~p곩yK' d{⪱ⰶ[ }d} P kpd_xg{p %} }\g yK ʩ yⰪ ydv{ A{.'' U{ gⰻ{Mp.

1957p[ {}, 1960p[ %곩}, 1969p[ Ar, 1980p[ dy{ v, 1983p[ }X dz d} ~Zds{ yKp, %{ ``yKp dyg'' dzg gZ d} ~Zds{p. p ⰳyK ~rgD yX, m}y, dz sD} {g}Q %z~x ⰰ}Qp~{[ dsD{Mp. yK yXXgg E{곪{ dg}Qΰ{My.

shikar1964p[ ⰳp{g, 1979p[ d, 1985p[ l{, 1990p[ ~p곩yK d{⪱ p yX곩d{ ZFp ~sDg , g⪫p pgpp ַ[ yp. uyg yX, m}y yK }} U d⽻ⰳ 1981p[ ~Zdrΰy.

1983p[ ~Zdr{ `dy{ v' d⽻g dꩪ{Z yX %dvư ~ZK y.

yKp ~Z pg sDD |X dv{. xJdy XK}Q K, %{d"{ gZy y{drD ѩg %p ~yZp. ``d'' d{⪱ m ⪱|g |XƷ[{, ~Z곱Tp a{[ a{ ⰶ[ pg "pz L}Q ưp }W }gd ~Z~kd"{ zd p~{. yKp e{, %} d Ƶ]{X{ kdsDgD ưyg곪p{ {}, kpg yK d_yZg}Q %Rd곪p{{, %p pg { gZ ʩ} {⽸Dΰ{, %ydpx}Q ysD UT }Ʃyΰ{.

ⰵy yKp yW ⽻K ʩ}}Q ⰰⰶ[ dⰰK{M m} }b}[ yp %}]ⰶ[{Mp.

}곩ڥe }: m} yX yK

dvg곩v[ dprD (m}}: 9 AgD 1904)

kadagodlu shankarbhatAg[p A]d { d}Qvd" d"K{M %DD gp{ uyg yX g$mp ~Z, yX ⯻ g$ A{ y}g yv{Mp. }{ yX{ dַhrD{[ g ]yyZ X 곩pr{[ }pg{Mp. dX, dy, }g ⰳd m}ug⽻g yv{p. A{{ }Q K }vⰥ}g y} }v{p. %zp[ d dvg곩v[ dprD ~Zⰰp.

1904, AgD 9p{ {_x d}Qv [ⰶ[ r[ ư~{ ~pΰⰶ[ dprDp m{p. y{ d⽸ ⽻K dg곪{Mp. dprDp |, ⪵곩|d ⰰ W~RX}p d_xd" ~Zyb drDp. Ⱚg}[ ⰰ %p }ⰶ[{Md곪v e{yK, yX ~p{[ pyp.

1920p[ g֪p Ⱚgg { md I{M ]yyZ X gZd" gⷰ dpdrDp. dprDp {XX dⰪyg g֪ dpⰪy ]yyZ X gZd" |ⰰ{p.

곩pr{ {{[ ~Zwd_x ⰰ{p. }yp |pv{ d_x ư `Qyd' ~d_ⰶ[ Ik+ Zⰶ[ ygv{p. pָ kⰶ[ gⷰ {XX}Q yX{g d}v {pp Ⱚg}[ L{M d {Xꪱ pָ ~tⰶ[ dprDp ddַ %|X~dp{p.

ⰰ{ ~u Ⱚgꩵpp d~ΰ{ 1929{ 1964p pg(35 g hdַ) AgQ d}[ d}Qv ~Z|X~dp [{p. pp {Xgg d}Qv{ a ⰳⷰ Zư{p.

%|X~dpg {ⷰ ~Zd곩{X{ %} ~v{p. `}ⰰg'{[ ~yZdyp d곪v, 1928p[ ``p屪|'' ~Zd ~{dp{p. %[{ %|X~d ⽻K g ~Zd곩{X Upvpⷳ[ [{p.

1920p[ h곩yZ, g֪ {ꩵ, 1921p[ ~px, 1932p[ }W, vangmay tapassu1965p[ ~yZ~R %p d} d}g, 곩, gp{_, %uyyZ Ep ⰰX }rdg, |dy(1935), {y }X(1947) 곩d{ dxJ(1948) d{⪱g ~Zdr{.

uyg g} , {ⰰ d" U dz d} ~Zds{Mp. ``jW y~b''(1963) yX ⰵ, I~}Xg d}.

1964p[ d}Qv %|X~d ⽻Kΰ{ ⽻K 곪{ p dpp{[ }v{ 45 d}Qv yX W}{ %|Xd_p A"{p. 1968p 갩 17p{ yW } dvg곩v[ƾ{ Ⱚgg ~Zx ps{M dprDp, b p a{pv . ư. {p dZư{g {K} b}[갩 |}p{p. %pyK }ַ" { dprDp ⰰ |} {d d}g곪y.

Iv yWg֪ 곩 dm (UU) g곩ƪ{ ~ Wpd ⪵곩|}dꩪ{Z{ ~Z K~Z dXd" ``dvg곩v[ dprD ~ZK'' dvyK {.

dvg곩v[ %p %|X~d ⽻K, ~Zd ⽻K, yX , ]yyZ 곩prg[}Q Ez ~ZK dv ⰳd }}ⰻKp{ md" %}{⾩.

}곩ڥe: yX⯻ dvg곩v[

}d dJ g곩dd (m}}: 10 AgD 1909)

v.k.gokakv.k.gokak d}Qvd" Y{} uC}ĩt ~ZK}Q 1991p[ y{drD }d dJ g곩ddp ⰶ[ %{Fyp. %p d}Qv{ ~Zy d, ~yp{Mp. d}QvE[ g[ } ~Zy] ~v{M %p yW ʩy dַ{[ aT ~Zy g {pdd{ U[ P, ~ZPg}Q ~v{p. g곩ddp E{d" {ⷰ p⻩ uC}ĩt ~ZK A" ư %|Xd_p{Mp. o ư %|Xd_pg{ a{ {vG gp. %zg uC}ĩt ~ZK p{{p, }X |}ⰷ[!

+} g Ƶ]d}Qv{ d e

ư %Jp (m}}: 25 AgD 1918)

mirgi annarayap d}rd gⰶ[p ưpu(ư) %Jp %p p Np. g֪{ 125 . ư. {p{ v U \ⰶ[ yW dd_yZ $d곪v ⰰ d_x{pg %[ E{Mp. g v{[ sD, {, dd" ~t , yKp{M %[ U{ %Jpp g$ %} ⰳz{M.

yX d" ư %Jpp{ ~ypp %p ~x p %xJ~R %~RxJ ư. %p y{yΰgg e{ pⰻKp⶷[. A{p} y{yΰg y }vd %Jpg { y.

]AKΰ{ e{ %p {d}Q }vy. dm d_xd" yv{Mp, %D ~Zx{ %z %{"y +} uC} ~֬{p. d}Qv[{ p, yvⰻK{Mp. Xpd" E[ UDd곩 %D dⶻ{Mp. {] v A. }. I~|X %Jpg g{.

yW E~Ry{p }{[ `g' d{⪱ p yX곩d{ з {p. ~Zz d⽻갩 fX py. gZX ~p{ %}, ⰹJ} },{gxg{ ~Zdr{ d_x{ ⰵdp g} ΰy. o d⽻g ~p"pg, }Qg |"{. yX ~yK, ⰰ pdp, {pm {Mp ~y곩d o d⽻g |"{. }v}Q ưⷰ ypⰰ ⰰ yy{ dZdpd %g `g'{ avⷶ[ yⰪd곪.

~Zz d⽻ ED[ ⰬM ѩ y{p %p m}Xⰰyg }v{d곪vp. %{ {d" {ꩵ{[ ]yyZ X kg g֪ drD dp ⰵ]yK. ]yyZ X{d" yp{ }L[ `p~p' d{⪱ py{p. {⳥ⰰ[ asD} 곩pr ]yyZ X gZ"yK{}Q E{p[ Z{p. ⰰ{ ~Zpdp, pxJ Kp, %곩dkdZ pⱪ{. %곩dkdZ { {u d{⪱ ~sDg pyK{{ Xp [ {Mp. Upv u@, {grD \, Wp ⰰy{ d d{⪱ p{p. uyg d ~pֹd d{⪱g pⱪ{.

d{⪱}Q ~Zz ~Z yg{d곪vp, dz yX{ⷳ[ d⽸ dg곪v ư %Jpp, ~Zx ֺ, %p dzg, mZ U dz d} py{p.

d_x, } d, ⰵ ]p~ ⰰy{ m}yp d⽻g}Q %p ~Zds{p. Eg[{ E[, u}, {P |g ~pp ʩ} kyZ p{p.

y ~rg (p 900) `u} |' ư %p 갩p d⽻. d}rd, d}Qv, u}p yX ⪱| dy %|X} E[{.

``p⻩ ⯻g u}|{ dvg'' U d⽻ |X~Z{ꩵ{[ { I~}X{ dvg.

yW dd_yZ{ v{[ `֪ {}' yp{ pgpg ꪱdrD }yKd" ư" d⽻ ~Zdֵ}g곪v.

pp {Xg +} %|X~dp, yX ydp, hrdp, | d_yZg %} d}Qv yX{[ g{ %Jpp { }}~[ I{Mp.

U. Ap. Zⰳ (m}}: 28 AgDM. R. Srinivasmurthy 1892)

d{M uC}. A" d곪{M I~|X ⽻K. {Xgg dyK yX{yK Ƶ a ⰳd곪v, ⰰ{ d}Qv yX{[ yW d⽸ dg곪v, d}Qv { ⾩p[ U. Ap. Zⰳ ~Zⰰp. }rd, d{⪱, dX, ⪵곩|} }g ⰳd d}Qv yX ⰽ{Pg{p. k} yX{ g$ Ƶ a ⰳd곪v A sD}[ g⪫p y} uyg pg dg곪vp.

d}Qv yX ~yK gp{pgg ~yZpgⷰ U. Ap. Z. %p Z E{. dd ư {Xp, %{p %|Xd_p A{p. `d}Qv}' g `~yRZd' g ~{dp A d {p.

1892 AgD 28p{ U. Ap. Zⰳ sD{p. y{ } pk{Zpp. yΰ yZW {Z ~ZyX{ dJp. } y y귰g. rZ d}[ Xg vg drp y֪g %{ d}Qv dXg ~k %gΰy. dm gZzַ{[{M ~Kdg e{ yKD yX{ e} AK d곪v U. Ap. Z. g}Qv dX, pxp }pp k}g g$ }b yⰪd곪vp.

~{ }yp (1915) g${[ ~Zw I~|Xp{p. %[{ z\, d곩p, g}[ d˾{p. I~|X ⽻Kΰ{ ⰰ{ E}b~dDp, {Xdg A{p. o }v 1939p[ p Ƶ]{X{ E[ҥd}Qv hs} dd" 곩yp{p.

U. Ap. Z. %p d_xd" ⪱|~rD %}d kp|pg %p `pgxJ} d}} }g' d{⪱ⰶ[ ⰳ. d}rd{[ " dkp ⰷ %gyX{ yX x , `" Dpgg g' (%}{) `"rg d' d⽻ p{p.

k} yX, p} pg g$ {]y~x x vyK m}p}Q AdⰻK{Mp. ``k} |p'' %p A{ Xgd", {]Kg, {{ A곩k}g dy{. ``Kv xJ}p'' U. Ap. Z. %p y]{ d⽻. xJ}p XKy]}Q %} k}g ⰳd g %}}Q dy p d⽻g ⰳd ~k {Mp. `}X ~{}', `{Pp kyZ{ %[~Z', `Ʃp ~pxg' %p IyK pg.

}rd d_yZ{[ dp U. Ap. Z. %p `dp m', `|{py', `{ m', `}gd' ~Zds{Mp.

`d 곩' %p d} d}. ƻZ, yXg U. Ap. Z. %p d{⪱g.

d}Qv yX ~K} %|Xd_p{M U. Ap. Zⰳ %p %dpⰶ[ [~p, ⰰΰ g ꩷pg[ yX W}g{. [~p W}d" U. Ap. Z. %p %|Xd_p{p.

g}Qv yX{ dyg[ a{p U. Ap. Z. %p ~Z, ~֪yX, %~x }곩, K, p ʩ}, pdy, m}XE[ }{ dַ{ {]p ~p~pg {g.

: Ap.. \ }gpu, 37/2U, }gp pK, m}gp, gpⰥ560040.
{pֹ +9180340 4244.


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