d}Qv yX ~p~p dKpp: g4

~Dp g[ d}Qv yX{ g$mp[ ~Zⰰp sD{ }֪d, %p yX |} p~k dvgyK{. o } ⰳp g[ drD pg g$ yX֪⯻d {[ +g yg . E갩 ⰳd, ~yZ{ ⰳd, ⰰy sⰶ[, {pֹⰶ[ {Mp. E}Q d g rD 곩p g$ⰳ p}gⰻK{.

%z rD 곩{p p gZⰻK{M. |X{D {g o %dx{[ p dvg{. ~Dp g[ ~Zⰰ yX ydp rDT. Z꩹, ~yֹ, dJⰳ ~pֹd, ~xk{Z ym], p {Mp, ީpg, }dp {ΰ, g dΰ", U. . ypX, . Uk. }d %pg {Mp. W { g ]gy.

Ap. . \ }gpu,
d ~{d

~Dp g dxJ[[ yX g$mp

Z꩹ (m}} 1 ~Dp 1928)

Triveni m}} ~Dp 1, 1928. ``Z꩹'' U dX}Ⱜ{ d}Qv d{⪱ 곩d{[ ~Z{Pp{Mp ީⰻ p. `%}' A~KDp ⰰMg dpⰰK{M p. `Z꩹' dX}Ⱜ{ pyv{ %} o p k yp[ a{ dy hr}ΰ{. d"{ⷳ %}g dꩵ. Upv mv d곪vp yKD d{ⷰ IⰰK{M{ gp ⰳp mv d곪v `Z꩹' Ag %}QK{Mpy. %{py ⰰ{ y dy, d{⪱ pyv{g `Z꩹' dX} yv{p. o p gg Sⰳ Aΰy. Z꩹ . U. ީ. %p 곩{pp g. ⰪvX, pg[ Ap⪫d d_x ~v{, 1947p[ }{[ . U. ~{}Q } pm du}[ g{p. yX ʩ}{ ~Zp dD dzg}Q pⰰ{p ⰳd pΰy. d{⪱gֻp[ Z꩹p p %Wp⹩. ``v p'', ``Upv }b'', ``X g'' Ep m}k+g dzd}g.

Ep d{⪱g[ d g }곩uCd. a{ {[ Upvpv d{⪱gy, a{ {d{[ E~RyK d{⪱g}Q ⰵ] p{ ⰰ, d{⪱ 곩d{[ ư}y ư}, p A{p Z꩹. Ep { d{⪱ ``%~]p''. }yp ``"} dxJ'',``{p{rD'', `` ⰰ+{ з'', ``p~mp'', `` xJ'', ``곩y g{M'', ``%~m'', ``ddx'', ``ⰰK'', ``\곩v'', ``J g{g'', ``% }'', ``{ u@'', ``ѩ g곪'', ``dyZ'', `` y'', ``{Щy'', ``yg}'' {{ d{⪱g}Q p, A dַ{ g[ %gZ}Xp{p.

Ep U[ d{⪱g m}Z. Ep dz d⽻ ``X g'' pmX dp{ } ~v{. Ep a{ }y} dzg U. {Mgvp gp{ ~{d g yyX}p Ƶ ~y곩d ~Z~K. ``\곩v'', ``J g{g'', ``ddx'', ``p~mp'', `` xJ'' d{⪱g k}yZg p~y. xJ g m}W { yK }g[ Z꩹p yW 35} b}[갩 %dַ px (2871963)"v{{ d}Qv p]y 곩d{ {{. IT dΰΰ{ ⷰK{M Z꩹ ``pֻZ yꬪg yΰrD Zp UD g'' U{ }곩ƾ{ I{$ⰻK{M Z꩹ yW {}}Q p{[ {ٶ{Mp.

~yֹ ( m}} 2 ~Dp 1911)

s.. d %py ~yֹ %p }y }rddpp. Ep m}} 1911 ~Dp 2. m}WL yư}} |~ [g { ~y U[. gp, }[ { X֪g{ . U. ~{Ʃ|pp{p. A} ~d_ⰷ[ ygv A{p. %pxX Efⰶ[ ⽻K, X}mp A ⽻K. ``}rd'' Ep ~Zⰰ yX d_yZ. d, ~pֹd }rdg}Q p{Mp. ``Iv gⰪv'', ``u}gv'', ``pⰪyZ'', ``dƫd_'' Ep d }rdg[ . ``ѩkd'' E{ pyp ~pֹd }rd. d %p }rdg g$ Eg %~ ky}X ``X['' E{ %}֬RsDp }rd d⽻.

X }rd pgưg[ Z d . }rp , k}yZg[ⰳ Agg dֹd\K{Mp. E{ 65d" k+ d⽻g py. d}Qv yX ~yK g d}rd yX %dvưⰰ Ep yX g ~p"p, ~ZKg}Q . . . dⰪtpm %p pʩ} }yp yp{ L}d" ]Rdַ d}rd }rd %dvư %|Xd_p A{Mp.

dJⰳ ~pֹd (m}} 5 ~Dp 1911)

sD{M 1911} ~Dp 5. rDp u~p{ . y{ yWxJ rD. |pv Ƶ]{XⰬ{ . U. ~{Ʃ|pp. ⽻Kⰶ[ %|X~dp, ~Z⽻Kΰ{ , d}Qv yX ~K} Aʩ {Xp. p 100 d⽻g Ep پΰ{ pⱪ. d{⪱, dz, }rd, ⰵ g ַyX d⽻g}Q p{Mp. `` d}'', ``ʩ}{'', Ep d} d}g. ``} '', ``ⰹJ} g'', ``}֬ %~RxJ'' {{ d{⪱g dy. ``p⪺Z'', ``m'' o Upv }rdg dy ~pֹdp. ``%{p Ar'', `` ⰷ[W'' d"g p{ d⽻g.

Ep d{⪱ ``ⰹJ} g'' pmX yX %dvưΰ{ ~ZK ~v{. ``}֬ %~RxJ'' k}yZ p~y, m}k+g ~v{. ~pֹdp g곩dd{[ ``yX Ⱚp'' U L}Q L{Mp.

~xk{Z ym] (m}} 8 ~Dp 1938)

TejaswiTejaswi}X yX{ dַhrD{[ ~Zⰰ d { pg[ d. . ~xk{Z ym]ⰳ aTp. dXd" }X{ avⷰ yⰪ{Mp, g{Xd" %p avⷰ! ym] Ap{[ p곪{ p[ dX pk} {Mp, }yp dz yX, d{⪱, }g dv +} g} {p.

ym] %p pd d~ %p ~yZ %}Q g$dΰ{} %p yX d⽻g}Q }곩v %gyXƷ[. %}}X yX dgpp. ]yyZ ~Z⽻K pgpp. m}} 1938p[. m}WL g$ [ d~R\. y} pgp. ⰳvgp X d곪v %{Vy yX d⽸ vyK { ym], a\ lyZgdp. ⰶ[ AdKp. %{pⷳ[ g ư} ⰰ[ ~yp.

Nigood ManusyaruHuliyurina sarahaddudy, }rd, d{⪱, dy {{ yXd ~Zdpg[ پ e{Mp. ``곩ⰰ} ]gy yK Eyp d}g'', ``}Q'', Ep d} d}g. ``%k} ~Dթ'', ``ⰶⰳ} p{M'' Ep dz gZg. ``{⪱p pX'', ``d곩'', ``g} gXg'' Ep d{⪱g. ``XK D {Py'', ym] %p a{ y} Ⱚz} kd d⽻.

yW e} A %|X}{ p E[ d⽻g{ d}Qvd" mgK} %{Vyg W ~k {Mp. E{p[ ѩrg, ~Zg, } d\g, dvg, |Xyg}Q {Mp. Ep `d곩' gw }XЪy k+ dyWd ⰳ p d{⪱. ʩd ~z{[ U[ {gyK p~֪yp 곪{yK pg p e dy dy sD Qꩵg o d{⪱ⰶ[.

Kiragurina GayyaligaluE{ pyp ``%k} ~Dթ'', ``yp} dz'', k}yZg ~ZKg. ``dⰲ yK Eַ'' yZ p ~ZK sDd곪y. ``{⪱p pX'' ~yK{ |}{ K 곪{M o d{⪱g { IyK d⽻ } {py{[{, 1987p[ dꩪ{Z %dvư ~ZK ~Z~Kΰy. d}rd yX %dvưⰳ %{ ym] %g gp ~ZK {.

}ַ" {dg dַ dz, d{⪱g ⰳd, uC}{ Wg ⰳd }W}Q dy{vg EyK ym] d곪vⰰXK{Mp.

U. . ypX (m}} 9 ~Dp 1910)

991910p[ m}}. rDp p. y{ dr{~R. yΰ yZW. dX} ``ph'', ~x {XX }[. d}Qv{[ U. U. ~{Ʃ|pp. yZdpp . E[,d}Qv hr pk}ⰶ[ Z{PyWd . 1945p[ du %|X~dp d_x d_yZ{[ ~Zꩵ. vp A ⽻K.

" v, %곩dkdZ, ypp yZg, ީ dJַ, {} g, ʩ}}rd, ⰰFp, g, dp gy, d}Qv{ dy, ~Z} d}Qv Xdpxg, p⻩ dX ư֪g d}Qv dg dvg, }Q{ , I{֬yXdp {{ pk}g Ep yX{ ⽸D.

1987p[ Ep ``ީ dJ ַ''g yX %dvư ~ZK ~ZK. ``" v'' d⽻g d}Qv yX ~y ~p"p. ``{} g'' d⽻g {pm {Mp } ~ZK.

1989} 12p{ U. . . |}p{p.

}dp {ΰ (m}} ~Dp 10, 1909)

Dinakar Desai

d}Qv֪g Ep dp p
Ag[}ⰶ[ }vp dp
d{p p a{ }y
A갩 dg{ d}Qv{ d곩

d ꩪ
U{p{ g֪
rDp ꩪ
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E krd ZW U{d곪v }dp {ΰ %p Upv krd{ {g. EyK}곩 pdp d}Qv Avy }Q ug y⪬{. og$ UpvⰥⰳp {dg { d}Qv Avy d{ dg UK{M g ꪱd" }dp {ΰ ~ZZΰ{  o 갩} krd A{. %y d}Qv{ d곩 dgyp{ |} y⪬{.

}dp {ΰ %p dr yַ[} %yp\ gZ{ v{d" {ΰ }y}d" {p. 1909p ~Dp 10p{ %d곩ⰶ[ sD{ {ΰ, ~Zzưd g ~Zw d_x}Q %d곩, dpp{[ ⰰ +} {XXd" gg {p. Ʃ %g d}Qv{ gpg{p. ⰰ{ p pm dg {p. U. U. {XXd" ⰰ{ ⰰg 곩{p. }yp d}} ~{}Q ~v{p.

{X{[ dy p AK {ΰ %yK. Ap drpp |pv⬪{ ~ZdsⰻK{M `md}rd'{[, }yp . U. ީ. ~֬{ `p dֹd' d}{[ d}g ~Zdr{.

1931p[ d}} ~{ ~v{ }yp g֪}[ ѩ ⽻K dg곪vp. %[ 1937p[ {ⰳ A{p. ⰰ{ dưd 곩pr, %{p hr}g yv{p. ⰰ vg hr}dpp {vG p ~֬{p. Ez hr} ⰰ }gp g [y y. %{py 1948{ 1962 pg yy ⰰ }gp {Xp{p. aW 곩dg R 곩yp 1967p[ (곩dg) k}ΰyp{p. o }v IyKp d}Qv [ⰶ[ py hr}g {{p.

d}p p rZD ⰳd {X⽬Pg dp{p. `m}d' ~Zd L{M[{, p d⽻g}Q E[}[ p{p. }v}v krd dX pyK E{Mp. pmdpx, m, yX av}rg {ΰ %p {} gΰy. d" }곩dd" d" dX p{ }dp {ΰ `g곪kⷰ' d} 곩py{p.

mC} Z~gy, k}gy d Uk+p ⰳ dX d¸}Q {ΰ {Mp. `krd U{ px, } ꩬ{p Iⰰ{ ~Zx' Uy krdg }Q, Kdyg, ZFkp, %}Xg}Q UK y곩yK XgX{ drd{ Eg F X.

}dp {ΰ %p krdg d {g:

 

U{ `dg y'
pd }p} %
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ΰ{ }g ʩ}{ ⰰK.

Ap |X}g d\{K}
ygp} v Ag{ }
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E{Mp Xz{p }W xJ.

E{ }W pmdpx{ rd_
E{d}Qp g} Avy ~d_
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%dΰg xJ Adp.

E[ yX{ ~Z k+{M 5070p {d{[ }{{ l dxKyK. d}Qv yX{ 갩 %{p ~Z {rDyK. E| {{[ {ΰ %p `d'g}Q d}Qvd" y{ m}Zg{p.

g dΰ" (m}} ~Dp 11, 1913)

Gourish Kaykini' bookm{M 1993} ~Dp 11p{. m}WL IyKp d}Qv [ g곩dx. d{[ sZdX} ~d_ⰶ[ IKxy. p Ƶp{ ~{}Q ~v{p. ⽻Kⰶ[ d_dp. ~Z⽻Kⰶ[ dp. dz, d}, }rdg}Q p{Mp.

Gourish Kaykini's book1983p[ ``A{ d_d'' U ~ZK pmX dp⬪{ ~ZK. 1975p[ IyKpd}Qv [ yX W}{ %|Xd_p{Mp. g곩dx, gv xJ, dZk |], p⻩ uCg, Ƶ]{ AfXΰdg {{ d⽻g gZzdyp. d}Qv yX ~yg `]yyZyKp kp yX' d⽻ ~֬ dsD{Mp. okg %d곩{ phꩪ{Z ~Zdֵ}⬪{ Ep gZ yX ~rg ~Zdr. IyKp d}Qv [( d) Ⱚr~{ 곩g{[ 1993p[ d}rd yX %dvư g dΰ" %p arD yX ưd_ kp ѩx ưWd곪yK. A ѩx{ ~Z|g d}}Q %dvư}Q ~Zds{. E{pg ⰰ {M og g}[p d, dygp, ~yZdy mⰪy dΰ" gp ~yZ.

g dΰ"p }}Q ʩ} {⽸D U{ o ddvy {ٶ{Mp :
d" ⰳ }X. }Xg dpx }W[갩 AyW p곩{z {d. }W }bg } }{y { ʩ}{[ ~d\d{ Xd {⽸D. }} ⽻Kΰ{ⷳ kp֬. }}Q ʩ} {⽸D }}Q `kp{' U p곻Kgⰶ[ m}y E{g E{. y}Qy ~pp gⰰ {⽸D곪{; ~pp dJg y g dxyK곩 g yW}Q dvd\ {⽸D E}Q{. Epv dxJ }g ʩ}{ zz {}}Q vyK{ U{ }} }⪲ }v{M}. E{d" {p {, {{ { ѷ[.

}곩ڥe: }Ʃ ~ZuC ⰳp yg

p {Mp (24 ~Dp 1911)

Ep m{ p pk{Z p dⰷd. dX } ``p {Mp''. m}} ~Dp 24, 1911p[ m٪ yַ[} p~v. dD{ Xg, |pv{ d}rd d}[ . U. ~{Ʃ|pp. ~Zp⪫d ⽻Kʩ} d}rd kpdh{ Avyֺd. A{p yX{ a %[} ⽻Kΰ{ {p y. m}Z } ~Zd ``ⰰdK d}rd''{ ~{d L}{[ d\y. D ⰹJ} g U{M Ep d⽸d_yZ{ yX d_yZd" {{M AdWd. dD ~Z|g}Q p{Mp. ``gZx'' Ep I}Qy g IyD d⽻. d}Qv{ d{⪱g[ E{ a{. Ep d{⪱g ⽪{}, ZWv, K {p, ⰰyK dsD{ {{. Ep ``} dv ֪g[{ꩵ'' U ~Z dz}}Q p{Mp. A{p pұ{Mp %g ֵ]y ѩ U{p ``gZx'' a{.

ީpg (26 ~Dp 1904)

Sriranga's Earadu NatakagaluSrirangad}Qv yX{ yX }Ʃ} }rd d_yZ{[ ީpg %p p pLΰ. sD{M ~Dp 26 1904. m}WL u~p [ %gpfv. Ep m{ p A{X pgk. ``ީpg'' Ep dX}.

y{[ I{M ~yp. E[}[ⰳ ⰪZy %dp. ⽻K ~Zp y %|X~dp. g ~Zg yXpg{[ ~ZmC }rddpp, ~ZgS, Ʒ_y g Dy.

ީpg }rddpp %D %[, d{⪱dpp, g{X pgpp, a\ ⰵdp p{p. asD}[ Fp֬. yW}rd d⽻g[} Qꩵ, { {ΰ{p dv Ⱚv gⰻK{Mp. {˩dg ] EkS ]yyZ %gyXƷ[ U{ ީpgp {. EDgX Zpg yW{ }rdg[ %}ΰ{Mp.

Sriranga's bookSriranga's book``|m'', ``]zyXg'', ``dyp} dWr'', ``{{Z }px'', ``{ {X dⰪtd"?'', ``dyK d'', ``d m}갩m'', ``%Q_'' {{ Ep ~Zⰰ d⽻g. dz pk}ⰶ[ⰳ Ep d A{Mp. ``} 곩'', ``Ƶ]ưyZ ⽸D'', ``gy} ~'', ``IyKpƷ[{ ~ZQ'', ``dp '' {{ Ep dz d}g. ``yX yZ''ⰶ[ ީpgp AyW dz} E{. ``%}֬ %}y'' dy gZ.

``%yyd d ~'', ``}W +} }p'' Ep pp ʩ} kyZg. ``d{'', ``⳻'', ``ީpgp ⰵyWd gZzg. |}{ d곩⪲ %p ``g} {P'' d}Qvd" %}֬{M, dꩪ{Z yX %dvư Ekg o d⽻ p ⰰ{Zx py⪬{. `` {gⰷ'', ``k{Zg~K'', ``~ZpP yK dvd곩'' Ep %}֬y d⽻g. E[}[ ``Dream in Sanskrit Literature'', ``Indian Theatre'', ``Introduction to Bharatha's Natys Shasthra'' {{ d⽻g ~Zdsy.

1955p[ pk}[ }v{ d}Qv yX W}{ %|Xd_p{Mp. 1958p[ dꩪ{Z Щy }rd %dvưΰ{ 곩~ gp. 1971p[ Ep ``d{'' d⽻g dꩪ{Z yX %dvư ~ZK. 1972p[ dꩪ{Z dp⬪{ ``~{Wx'' ~ZK. ``Zpgpv} 50 '' U d⽻}Q Zpgp ~Q p{ ީpgp py⪬{Mp.

Ag[ ⰶ[ yX d⽸ }v, pָ fX ~vp d{⪱gֻ Zⰻ {ꩵ~֪v Zpgp g. Zpgp 1984p %dDp 16p{ ]gLp{p.

~Z . Uk. }d

G.S.NayakVinaya Vimarsheg곩ƪ{p WxJ }dp yX ⰵdp ~yp{Mp. %p y{ WxJ }d yK 곩{p }px }d d_g} d{p ]yyZ X 곩prgpp A{Mp. U. U(d}Qv) ~{}Q g{ }yp, } ⰰpm yK pm dmg[ d p Ƶ]{X{ Qyd곩yKp d}Qv g{[ %|X~} ddg곪v ~Z|X~dp 1996p[ yKp{p. d}Qv Ƶ]{X g p Ƶ]{X{ d~ ĩt{[ {d ~Zp [{Mp. Y{ ⰵd⽻g}Q pp }dg %}d ~p"pg ⪬. dֶ}, %, p~d_, m{, } ⰵ, {} Ep ⰵd⽻g d}Qv xJdyg ~֬y d⽻ d}rd yX %dvư ~pyp.

} d yX dKpp:

}곩ڥe : AgD g Ouml;yX g$mp g 3
}곩ڥe : m g yX g$mp g 2
}곩ڥe : m} g yX g$mp g 1

: Ap.. \ }gpu, 37/2U, }gp pK, m}gp, gpⰥ560040. {pֹ +9180340 4244.


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