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}ꪱp g[ d}Qv yX{ g$mp[ ~Zⰰp sD{ }֪d, %p yX |} p~k dvgyK{. o } Y{ g[ drD pg g$ yX֪⯻d {[ +g yg . E갩 ⰳd, ~yZ{ ⰳd,Halli Nagaraj ⰰy sⰶ[, {pֹⰶ[ {Mp. E}Q d g rD 곩p g$ⰳ p}gⰻK{.

%z rD 곩{p p gZⰻK{M. |X{D {g o %dx{[ p dvg{. }⪱p g[ ~Zⰰ yX ydp rDT. yX g$mp{ v . . pk{Z , U. U. }pt, v p. ., . }. ZdtX, v U. U. dⷱ %pg {Mp. W { g ]gy.

Ap. . \ }gpu,
d ~{d

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v . . pk{Z (m}} 28 }⪱p 1925)

Dr. B.C.Ramachandra Sharma``a{곪{ d} p XⰥ
%uC}{ y"{ {} gX''

1925, }ꪱp 28p{ sD{ 곩g֬ k{Zp pk{Z (. . pk{Z )g U~Ry{p p. %p dX d⽸g YyKp ~Z. ED pⰰyK { , `a{곪{ d} p X' U A g d} 곪{p. 1952p[ { d} `{Щy' {p A { dX d⽸ }v{Mp.

ⰰ} a{ (1953){[ p I" ΰy}곩 %}Qy Iybyp dX, }rd, xJdz d} py{p. `O ⰻK} d곩' U dy d}d" d. }pⰳ%p ⰰ}Q p{p. dygp A}{p 곪g dz d_yZ{[ u@ ErD `Ⱚ{p d' d} py{p. E{p} a{ dy `}v avΰy' ⰰdK d}rd{ dz R|ⰶ[ }mandar kusuma alu suttin kootegyK. ⰰ{ o dy `{K} b' }p ~Zdsp International Short Stories U ~Kd{[ ``Two Countries and One Soul'' U p[ E[}[ ~Zdrΰy. %{ `u' Yd }rd, ` dg{' U d }rd ~Zds{p.

{ S, pgyK, ZWx vg, Gestures, o y}{ }p E[ d}g, y r, {g { , ~K~ U d} d}g}Q py{ %| y}g dַ{ dX d⽸}Q ʩy{Mp . ED[ d}g { d }b E{ U{ RD. g }rd, xJdyⰶ[ d⽸ {Mp, d갪{ gⰻd곪{Mp.

Dehlige banda hosa varshadr yX{, }k ֻ}, ⰰ XgX{ yg{ Dp֬ Ap pk{Z }X{ ~Zydp[ ~Zⰰp. g곩dd, %g, gg|p yK, U. d. p}m}, %}yⰳ, dꩵ, ֪}z {ΰ %p {{[ k+ ~Zp }Xd갪{ {p . EyK }X{[ I{ d d곪g[ p aTp. {{ yX{ dַhrD{[ }v{ {p }X{ y{[ {p. o |} d dX}Q Щy ~d곪v vⷰ p곩| XdK ~yK {{M[{, Ez vgT{ Щy p dg}Q `dg %[!' U{ md ꩬd[ d ~Zp rDp Ep.``dy}Q e{g ed곪v A}⪬d py, %{}Q v, pgd" ov . %]zp곩, g$ ⰱTxJ}p곩 e{gg yⷰ{d?'' U{ fp p ~Zd곪{d" {M {}{p[ {Mp.

shatamanada nooru english kavanagalu}X dX ddꩪZy K}Qg곪v m}d" Kpg⶷[, W}Q ag곪v dgg E{ %}]ΰyK{갷[? U }} ~v{ {}{ ~ZQ곪{d" %p {M g : ``dXd" XK갩 Agrave;ⰰX. dX{ {⽸Dΰ{ XK ⰰX, m ⰰX %}Q{ ⰰX ~ZQ. m{ XK ydr, a{Mr dX{[ %XKgyK{. dX D{ gⰪľ{[. dXd" K p %{Z ``}}!'', }} %{Z }}Q Kd %, ʩ}, %[{ }}Qp ~Z~k }}. }־[{ dX ~Z|gyK{. uCd }gyK{..... }} %}Q{ dXd" ~Z|}. g m dv. }}Qg }}Q %} dpx ~Zꩵ %[ %pⰻKp m, ⰰX }}, }}Qg AgyK{. d}Q a{ Metaphor A I~곩d. }X, }X ⪱|}Q %zd\ ~ZyQ vd. dy, d{⪱gⷳ[ %D.....''

ddꩪZy K}Qg곪v dygꪱ sdg ⪱{y p `O ⰻK} d곩' dX{ g$ ⰵd, yd v . Ap. }gpu g {ٶ{Mp : ``d{ rD yK rg}Q dy dy E{{Mp E[ %[yΰ[. o d}{[ d}Q dx pd e{g}곱T %{}Q matu mataʩ}{ { ֵ]y K gg{p 곪 ed\{. o dyg a{ %RD 곩dy E{. p {rD Xyg, {rD ֪~Z{dyg a{ dַd" dZd dv o dy _. E[ ֪~Z{dy U}Q{ }Lⰷ[. { , p~d |}. ~{X d{ g$ E{Mp ⰰmgp sD a{ a{ p~d E[[. o Xy ⰰ{ p dⰷgp A dpkp ~ dxyKp''.

``}}'' %{Z }}Q Kd %, ʩ} U{ p , Ez dX{ K}QyK E~RyQ" py⬪{ p{Mp. E곩, Eg[v, uX g pg[ %|X~dp, }mCp [{p. 곩{ py{ d" P֪{X ~Zx{ g$ ~Z| p{ 1971p[ v} Ƶ]{XⰬ{ .Uk., ~{ g{p.

saptapadi1982p[ pyd" p{ , g} m}gp{[ dsDp `~pֵp'{[ ⰻK{Mp. p ~Q ~{W IyK %}{dp. p IyK dy, d{⪱g}Q d}Qv⬪{ E[g ym {Mp. okg d~ %p `d}p g$ڻ' E[g ֪y{Mp. yW 곩}{ ưyZg d" yX ~Zkp, ~ZK g L}}g g Xg⶷[. d ~p"pgy yv ⪬ U{ m. 1996p `~K~' d} d}d" dꩪ{Z yX %dvư ~ZK (1998) {pΰy. . . pk{Z p g }rpm p곩v{ dֵⰶ[ I~}Xdp{Mp, ETp xJ d"[ {p{} (f), |X uC A d ⰻK{Mp. U~Ry{p g Ƶ]d}Qv{ ֵg.

pk{Z %p dy}Q e

~Z . . }pt (m}} 7 }⪱p 1910)

Prof : S. S. Bhusanurmath`` {ꩵ dַg ưΰ[{ Ƶ]d" ⰰrD[ yX }W[ rDd. o yX p~g\d{p d}Qv m}֪g{[ Ƶ dy m}֪g{[ A ַXd" %}gx{ a{ kp{ I}Qy ⯻ ~d]y, }W ʩ}{  g I{yKy EpdgyK{.

d}Qv ⰶ[ Ƶ]gⱷ[ a{ y] zX E{. A rD{ kp, %}, %}, |dE}Q Ez UD %g }W ⰶ[ }W m}֪g{[ {d곪v E}Q pg p{⪻. d}Qv m}֪g{[ mgKg a{ D{ dvg}Q vⱷ[ K E{. A{p }W[, }W yX{[ }W  Xpg[ %}d dpxg{ }[ a{ p { }W[p}Q } {d\ d\ %p곩{ E}Q }W[ y{곩{⪻[. E{d" dpx }W ʩ}{ U[ d_yZg[ ⰰk⳹ⰶ[p { dD ky}X{ ~z dvⰱpⰻK[.''

1985p[ `Ƶ]d}Qv' yX W}{ {{[ ~Zuֹ d{ ``d}Qv{[ E{ %yXy mpp Agdp d {?'' U ~ZQg 갩}y IyK{Mp. d}Qv , yX Ƶ] yX{ rD{[ y}Q l~ ayKdꪱ p Ad" }ptp y XdK~{Mp.

1910 }⪱p 7p{ |pv [ p곩x yַ[} vgⰪⰶ[ m}{ }ptp ~x p gX ⰳyX }pt. yW d_x}Q g{g, ⰱT\, dc~p{[ ⰰ{p. ⰰ{ ⰰ Ƶ]{X{[ . U. A}pb ~{ g{p. 1937p[ U. U. ~{ g{p. }yp g֪ gpm d}[ %|X~d ⽻K Ap⪫{p. 1966p[ d}rd Ƶ]{X{ %|X} ĩt{[ d}Qv ~Z|X~dp{p. 1976p[ ΰ{ yKp{p. 1972p[ ``}X ~{} ~pⰵ'' d⽻g dꩪ{Z yX %dvư ~ZK y. E{[{ ``X }'' dv Ep m}yWd d⽻. K |p (1965) }X ~{} ~pⰵ gZ (1978) Ep ~֬y d⽻g.

~Z U. U. }pt yX %p d⽻g[} px{ g$ d, ⰵd v . . pX %p ``...}pt d d. yb kyp, ⰵd. ~Z, XyRKgpv}Q ~Zx{[ {d곪v, %g ⰳd ⪵곩|}g ʩ yⰪ {d_yⰳ %p[{. %p yⰪ %}g. %} %p dX{ ʩp. %}{gp{ k}yX %p %}⳻g ~Zpd {, ~ {. }X ~{} ~"px {{[ %p md" pxL{ pxp g곩kyKp. 곩g %p ~ֶg m 곩g! A{{ k}}Q gpⰻvⰶ[ }ptp {}Q pg{.'' U{ g ~ZZΰ{Mp.

v p. . (v U. p֪) (m}} 10 }⪱p 1905)

Dr. Rashid}Qv yX{[ p. . %{p }}g p{ `dp' ~Zd. v U. p֪ yW }[ Upv ~{g ~Zzd_pg}Q p ⰰp `p. .' UrDd곪vp. ⽻Kⰶ[ {Xp. ~Z⽻Kⰶ[ d, ~yZdy. yW ybd" pⰻK{M p곩g uy py %p {{ dΰЪy }d dΰ g$ %yd\K{Mp. }{ ⰳd ~v{ d}Q p곩g dΰ gx ~ⷰ X ~} drD %p }b g{Mp v p֪.

yW ⰰ}Q `g[ ⰰ' U{, ⰱTg}Q `d⪱ g' U{ yW}Q y gꩶ d\K{Mp U{ v %}~ pm} yW{곪{ }{[ p. . %p X XKy]{ g$ {Mp. X ~ZuC yW { d곪v[{ Apΰy. ``{X r p곩g Qy, g{, yֻ]dgp, o |X {Xg dg{'' U{ yW `}곩}{}' d⽻ⰶ[ {Mp.

U[}Q {d\ dy. g yЪy p, p U[pv}ⰳ a{ AK, ~Zyb. p. . %p p곩gg dvⰻK{M yb iЪy }d {Py갩 k+yK. d"}Q dvp p. . %g %~p ~Z. d"}Q yWvg Adⷰ {], ĵ, d\p dzg}Q dyⷬ{ ⰻK{Mp.

p %g K, d, . . ., %}d, p֪ dpy g Kp, {Xѩ kp{[ %D {p{Mp. {X{Mg `~k' ~Zd g$ AdKp{Mp. ⰰ{ d}Qv{[ Ez ~Zd p vd{ A `dp' Ap⪫{p. 1947d" ]yyZX { {p, dpg m}W drD{M %{ . o ~Zd ⰳd d}rd{ pgpp, XgX yZdpp m}Zp{p. Ap{[ Ap. d. d_ %pzp XgX yZg dpⰶ[ ~Zdr{.

1937p[ ``ys ư{{'' U d} ~Zds{p. E{ h p g d}g gkS. `dp'g k+ yvd곪v{M{ ⰰ{ }"p ~rg[ %{p} yW pg}Q py{p. dp dv }g m (1975), dp dv }g {g (1978) yK %{ dp dv }g XKg U ~Zⰰ{. dy{ m}}Xp {d, %p ʩ} g o p{ } Kg. uꩱg\ ưW, mrd ֲ, dXs} vg, gK, m} Ez UD ~yZgg %[ ʩ yⰪ{p. EDgX dp X ~ZuC g⪫p ydp{ d}Qgg yrD E[! dp g} dv {. dp dg 곩{ }yp %p g dp `%~p' ~Zd p, yW y{ X ~ZuC}Q ~p~p ⰰ{pⰻK{Mp.

``} { %y d v곩p |}|d" 곩gKp'', ``pdp{ Ep곩 ug, {p Xg Ep곩d" |X?'' Ez XgX{, dr pg ⰳd pmѩ v⪱}}Q p. . {Mp. `}gp %~bpp' U dz d} py{ p. . A ⰳd %~bpp dy X{ yxd ~{p.

}곩}{}, }Ⱚz}, A}{, p. . %p ~Zⰰ d⽻g. 1974p[ uC} ~y L{p. 1955p[ gp d du L~}g ~Zⰰ dpxdyp. 1970p[ d}Qv yX ~K} x 곩yb ~ZK ~v{p. ⰰ{ 1971, 1976p[ d}rd yX %dvư ~ZK ~v{p. E[}[ ``Kailasam and I (1968), Moral and Health (1976), Death and Nachiketas(1981) py{p.

1984 m} 13p{ p. . |}p{p.

. }. ZdtX (m}} 26 }⪱p 1906)

T. N. SriT. N. Sri.}. ZdtX}p ~x p z~p{ }mvX ZdtX. Ep}Q . }. Z. U{ yX{[ gpⰻgⰻK{. Ep sD{M }⪱p 26, 1906p[ ydp [ d"}d} \ yַ[} z~p{[. Ep{ }곩gp dr. . }. Z sD{ 9} bg yW yΰ}Q d{d곪v 곩{pyK Apdⰶ[ {p. yW d_x}Q d"}d} \, ydp g } pm d}[ . U. ~{ ~p{p.

1926p[ yW o ~{g 6 ]x ~{dg}Q, a{ Ƶ }}Q %} } pm }ַ] dJpm avp %{ ]d{p. o y{[ p Ƶ]{X{[ d}Qv U. U. ~{ ~vⰷ %dֵ Ep⶷[. g 1928p[ U. Ub ~{ ~v{p. ⰰ{ ~d_ⰶ[ ygv{p. Zpg~rDx{[ d{ Ef ⰳd yW ⽻K ʩ}}Q Ap⪫{p. A{p Upv g[ }d yX } Erpư d}[ %|X~dp }dg곪vp. 1929p[ ~d_g dy E[ U. U. ~{}Q ~Zz L}{[ ~v{p. yW Z pm dg g { {{[ d}Qv U. U. ~d_g dy 1931p[ ~Zz L}{[ ygv{p.

1943p[ I~ ~Z|X~dp v ~v{ g} Erpư dg g {p. ⰰ{ 1957p pg |pv g g}[ Epdΰy. o }v p{ K, ~. . }., ~Z U. U}. ⰳp %p ~d {pΰy. g d}Qv yX ~K} d krsdⰶ[ yW}Q yvd곪vp. yg %yXy A~K{M d}Qv hs} {Py d{[ ~Z U. Ap. dJ %p uy {{p.

1952p[ d}rd Ƶ]{X . }. Z. %p }Q Up ~vΰy. A { d}Qv %|X}d" d{ y {p{p {Xg fX p d EyK. 195556p[ Ur g dַ %갩d{ ưg} g ~b] Ƶ]{Xg[ %|X} }v{p. |pv{ }yp 1957p[ } pm dg ~Z|X~dp p{p. %{ { d~ %p pm d} ~Z~ַ {Mΰ{ p Ƶ] {X{ I~dⰷ~g %dp d곪{Mp.

1932p[ . }. Z. %p `a' U d}}Q ~Zds{p. 1939p[ `~~' d⽻ pⱪy. 1953p[ ⰵ dX ư֪g ⪱{ `p⻩ dX ư֪' ~Zdrΰy. 1963p[ }rp ~Z| d}, 1942p[ pd_} ⰰZd }rd, 1941p[ xJ d" ~{g ~֬y d⽻, 1949p[ p}Q d g{ⰰ{P gZ %[{ E[}[ Imagination in Indian Poetics and other Literary papers U gZz p{p.

`Zdt⻩z' U Wpd gZz}Q . }. Z. %g {. 1966p[ . }. Z. |}p{p. %p |}}yp{ 22 g[ (1988) d}rd dp{ ~ZFy ~~ ~ZK}Q p곩yKp{ gp y. %p y]{ d⽻ `p⻩ dX ư֪'g o ~ZK ⪬{.

v U. U. dⷱ(m}} 28 }⪱p 1938)

~ZKy d}Qv Ƶ]{X{ I~dⰷ~g [ⰻKp v U. U. dⷱ ⰳy ⪵곩|dp, k} yX g ⰰg}Q yW ⪵곩|} ⰳd d ⰳ, {g}Q ⽸D{p. g˥1, g˥2 U ⪵곩|} d⽻g k}dpp {} gg { UT{. d}rd{ kpy pgpp, y}p dⷱ ~p yp{p, ⰰ{ dⷱ t}Xg, uֻ֬g uy pʩ d곪v g$ g p Iΰy. o p %g Ƶ]{X{ I}Qy ~{g %}d⳷ΰy{ p ~ZZΰ{Mp.

dⷱ %p ~x p v ⰷ[~R ~R dⷱ. sD{M }⪱p 28, 1938. u~p [ gTv. ~Zzưd d_x Upg[}[, |Xưd d_x |ⰶ[, ⰰ{ ~Zwdm d_x u~p{[ }v{, d}rd Ƶ]{X{[ Qyd ~{ ~v{p. 1962p[ U. U. ~{ }yp d}rd Ƶ]{X{[ %|X~dp{p. 1968p[ ⪵곩|}ΰ{ {P~{ ``dpm g ~p{ d}Qv yX'' U ~Z|d" Uk.. ~v{p. o }v ⪵곩|dp{Mg (1966) Qyd곩yKp gd" %|X~dp {p. 1980p[ copy;]p ĩt{ ~Z|X~dp{p. 198385p pg d}rd Ƶ]{X{ d}Qv %|X} ĩt{ {˩dp A{p.

m} }곩{ dⷱ Ap{[ dy p{p. %p y ``⪵곩|}}Q{ D %R p, %|pg ⰳd ~x pd" g Z{''. g dpm g ~rg, yX ~{}, k} yX{ ~Z} Adp d곩, d}Qv{ } uC}, d}Qv ~z ~{} , K~Z ⰰy{ ⪵곩|} gZz p{p.

u}~{ d_yZ{ⷳ[ dⷱ d⽸ }v{p. `IyKp d}rd u}~{ yX' yK `u}~{ g' U d⽻ py⪬{Mp. Y{ d}rd yX %dvư ~ZK, 1991p[ d}rd puXyb ~ZK, } {mg rZD} `Ƶ]} ~ZK' 1994p[ |} ~ZK g 1996p[ d}rd pdp ~ZFy yXd ~ZK{ ``~~ ~ZK'' gp{.

} d yX dKpp:

}곩ڥe : %dDp g yX g$mp g 5
}곩ڥe : ~Dp g yX g$mp g 4
}곩ڥe : AgD g yX g$mp g 3
}곩ڥe : m g yX g$mp g 2
}곩ڥe : m} g yX g$mp g 1

: Ap.. \ }gpu, 37/2U, }gp pK, m}gp, gpⰥ560040. {pֹ +9180340 4244.


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